By the time the oil spill occurred, oil companies had already made several improvements to their injection machine systems, but there was still a problem.
A Canadian Institute of Petroleum Engineers report released in late December said that while the injection machines in the three oil-rich provinces had been improved in recent years, they were still “not adequate for the type of heavy oil extraction and transport that has been needed to meet industry demand for more than three decades.”
“The system can fail when it is overloaded and unable to deliver the correct amount of oil,” the report said.
The oil spill that has led to more than 100 deaths and caused $1.6 billion in damage is expected to cause an estimated $100 billion in damages and millions of dollars in cleanup costs.
It also has prompted B.L.C., Alberta and Saskatchewan to upgrade their injection systems and is expected by some analysts to be a significant cost to the companies.
B.A.S.’s injection machine is being rebuilt to handle more oil, but its design is also being revised to handle heavier oil and a wider variety of materials.
“The current design is not appropriate for the heavy oil and high-volume crude oil that we are operating,” said Michael J. Houghton, president of the Canadian Association of Oil Pipefitters.
The company is rebuilding a prototype of the injection machine.
Haughey said the company will test the new design in the field before moving to the assembly line for final production.
Bakersfield’s injection machine has been replaced with a new design that is more efficient.
The new machine is capable of handling oil that ranges from heavy oil to light crude oil, and uses technology to control its temperature.
But the process is complicated and the cost has increased, said John G. Pritchard, president and chief executive officer of the California-based Bakersfields, which owns Bakersville.
“It’s going to be expensive, but it’s going for a lot more money than what we have now,” he said.
“We have had a very good relationship with the oil industry and with the government, but this is a much more challenging time than we anticipated.”
The B.M.A.’s project manager, Andrew Sussman, said the machine had been updated with new sensors and other improvements, but the cost had gone up from $250,000 to $450,000.
He said he was not sure if the new model would be able to handle the heavy crude that has to be transported.
“Right now, the machine is just too heavy and it’s not being operated in the right way, and the amount of time it’s been in the ground and in the water is just not conducive to the operation,” Sussmann said.
It’s also a problem for the city of Bakersburg, which has been operating its new oil-sucking machine for several months.
“As the oil is being pumped out, the pressure on the pipe is just so high that it will rupture and send a lot of oil into the environment, including into nearby communities,” said Mayor Rick Bowers, who said the new machine was more efficient than the one that went into service a decade ago.
The city of Richmond, Va., said its new machine would not be suitable for heavy crude oil and was too heavy to handle.
“For this type of oil, it is a disaster,” the city’s deputy mayor, Dave Fong, said.
Broughton said Broughs was considering adding a new type of pump to the company’s oil-smugging machine.
But he said he hoped that could be done sooner rather than later.
The Broughtons are not alone.
Oil companies are now upgrading their injection machines, as well as upgrading the equipment that handles the chemicals and other substances that make oil from oil.
The National Association of Realtors said in December that it was exploring a plan to install new technology to improve the way it processes and distributes its oil.
And Broughts says it is working on a new machine that will handle heavy oil, as opposed to light.
The Canadian Association Of Oil Pipefitting said in a statement that it is also looking at how it can improve its existing injection machines.
“While we are not sure how to replace our current injection machine technology, we are committed to making changes that meet our customers needs,” the statement said.
Alberta’s oil and gas regulator said in its final report that it would look at whether a new system is needed for the industry.
The province has been working on its own system for a while, and said it has made some improvements, including installing new equipment in a small lab to make sure that the equipment is not broken.
But that hasn’t yet made a difference.
“This has been a very expensive process, and it needs to